The spotted seatrout, also known as speckled trout (Cynoscion nebulosus), is a common estuarine fish found in the southern United States along coasts of the Gulf of Mexico and the coastal Atlantic Ocean from Maryland to Florida. While most of these fish are caught on shallow, grassy flats, spotted seatrout resides in virtually any inshore waters, from the surf of outside islands to far up coastal rivers, where they often come for shelter during cold weather.
Contrary to its name, the spotted seatrout is not a member of the trout family (Salmonidae), but of the drum family (Sciaenidae). It is popular for commercial and especially recreational fishing in coastal waters of the southeastern United States. Adults reach 19-32 inches in length and 3-15 pounds in weight.
Flounders are a group of flatfish species. They are demersal fish found at the bottom of oceans around the world; some species will also enter estuaries.
Red Drum are typically a reddish color on their back which fades to white on their belly. Close to the tail is an eyespot. A fish without an eyespot is extremely rare. Some Red Drum will have multiple eyespots but as they age they typically lose their multiple spots. They are a streamlined fish which makes them a terrific fighter when hooked.
Fish under 3 years in age are typically 6 to 8 pounds and are about 2 feet in length. Once a Red Drum gets over 27 inches in length they are called “bull reds”. The largest Red Drum ever caught was 94 pounds.
The Black Drum is the Red Drum’s closest relative. Both of these fish will make a drumming sound when they get distressed, that is why they call them Drums
The black drum (Pogonias cromis) is a saltwater fish similar to its cousin, the red drum. It is the only species in the genus Pogonias. Though most specimens are generally found in the 5-30 lb (2–14 kg) range, the black drum is well known as the largest of all the drum family with some specimens reaching excesses of 90 lb (40 kg).
The world record black drum was just over 113 lb (51 kg). They are often black and/or gray in color with juvenile fish having distinctive dark stripes over a gray body. Their teeth are rounded and they have powerful jaws capable of crushing oysters and other shellfish. It is recommended those over 15 lb pounds (7 kg) should be released. Black drum are capable of producing tones between 100 Hz and 500 Hz when performing mating calls.